People on the Move

Note from team leader for People on the Move

Matthew Scott

Matthew Scott

Head of People on the Move Thematic Area

E-mail: matthew.scott@rwi.lu.se

Matthew Scott is head of the People on the Move thematic area at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Lund, Sweden. His area of expertise lies in legal and policy responses to internal and cross-border displacement in the context of disasters and climate change. In this space, he has published a monograph with Cambridge University Press entitled Climate Change, Disasters and the Refugee Convention, an edited volume with Routledge entitled Climate Change, Disasters and Internal Displacement in Asia and the Pacific: A Human Rights-Based Approach, along with a range of book chapters and academic articles on the subject. He is a member of the advisory committee of the Platform on Disaster Displacement, a member of the editorial board of the Yearbook of International Disaster Law, and a founding member of the Nordic Network on Climate Related Displacement and Mobility, and the Gothenburg, Lund, Uppsala Migration Law Network. He holds a PhD in Public International Law from Lund University, and a Masters degree in Social Anthropology of Development from the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London.

At Lund University, he convenes the Masters-level course on human rights law, the environment and climate change, and lectures on international refugee law and international human rights law at the law faculty. He also contributes to the MSc in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation at the Department of Risk Management and Societal Safety.

Matthew is also actively engaged in international collaboration initiatives at the intersection of disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and displacement. In this capacity he is currently contributing technical expertise on human rights-based approaches relating to land use planning and emergency preparedness for response.

Read more about Matthew’s work here.

Selected publications

A Human Rights-Based Approach to Internal Displacement in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change (Refugee Survey Quarterly 2020)

Internal Displacement in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change in Asia Pacific: A Human Rights-Based Approach (Routledge 2020, in press) (with Albert Salamanca)

Climate Change, Disasters and the Refugee Convention (Cambridge University Press 2020)

Accountability for State Failures to Prevent Sexual Assault in Evacuation Centres and Temporary Shelters: A Human Rights-Based Approach (Routledge 2019)

Climate Refugees and the 1951 Convention (Elgar 2019)

Background Brief: Key International Standards and Guidelines Relating to Displacement in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change (Raoul Wallenberg Institute 2019)

Finding Agency in Adversity: Applying the Refugee Convention in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change (Refugee Survey Quarterly 2016)

A Role for Strategic Litigation (Forced Migration Review 2015)

Refuge from Climate Change-Related Harm: Evaluating the Scope of International Protection within the Common European Asylum System (Brill/Martinus Nijhoff 2015)

Natural Disasters, Climate Change and Non-Refoulement: What Scope for Resisting Expulsion under Articles 3 and 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights? (International Journal of Refugee Law 2014)

Current Projects

ClimMobil: Judicial and policy responses to climate change-related mobility in the European Union with a focus on Austria and Sweden (2019-2022)

This project, supported by the Austrian Climate and Energy Fund, and in collaboration with the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Human Rights in Vienna, examines Swedish and Austrian judicial decisions in cases where disasters and other adverse impacts of climate change feature as part of the claim. The project sets out to improve understanding of judicial responses to claims for international protection in this context and to make recommendations that are relevant for domestic as well as wider European and international audiences, including policymakers.

Building Resilience to Disaster Risk (2018-2022)

This project, supported by the Swedish Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), is collaborative initiative between the Asia Disaster Preparedness Center, the Stockholm Environment Institute, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute, that promotes and supports the identification and development of rights-based and gender equal approaches to disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation across Asia and the Pacific.

The Future of Human Rights (2020-2021)

This project, supported by the Pufendorf Institute at Lund University, brings together academics from a range of disciplines including law, disaster risk management, philosophy, sociology, and human geography to explore the future of human rights by exchanging perspectives on the origins and purpose of the concept and sharing insights across intersecting themes including migration, authoritarianism, and economic globalisation. These themes are framed against a backdrop of global social and ecological processes under umbrella concepts of digitalization and the Anthropocene. The project is designed to generate ideas and identify interconnections through multi-disciplinary collaboration.

Completed projects

Climate Change, Disasters and Internal Displacement in Asia and the Pacific: A Human Rights-Based Approach (2017-2020)

This project, supported by the Swedish Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), brought together researchers from ten countries across Asia and the Pacific to examine the relationship between international and national-level law and policy relating to displacement in the context of disasters and climate change, and the protection of people from and during displacement and the facilitation of durable solutions. Adopting a human rights-based approach, the research consolidated key international standards and guidelines relating to displacement in the context of disasters and climate change and developed a tool for systematically analysing national legal and policy frameworks. This desk research was complemented by field research that examined one particular instance of disaster displacement, identifying promising practices as well as challenges to the implementation of national and international standards. Key findings are contained in a series of national law and policy reports, submissions to international initiatives including the UN High Level Panel on Internal Displacement and the 2020 UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally-displaced persons consultation on displacement in the context slower onset adverse impacts of climate change, and academic publications including and edited volume and a contribution to the special edition on internal displacement published in the journal Refugee Survey Quarterly. More information about the project is available at https://rwi.lu.se/disaster-displacement

Since the founding of the Institute, refugee law has been an area in focus in research and education.

As of 2015, the Institute has been widening its work to increase human rights protection for people on the move, with special attention to the following four areas:

• Shaping global policy on refugees and management of migration, with improved human rights enforcement and protection of people on the move.
• Reforming refugee protection and management in countries of first asylum.
• Supporting enhanced protection of refugees and internally displaced where environmental degradation and climate change are factors of displacement.
• Enhancing social inclusion, integration and access to justice of migrants and refugees.

Today, we have both policy and research expertise amongst senior staff on issues related to global refugee policy, EU asylum and immigration policy, the link between migration management and human rights and social inclusion of migrants and refugees.

We also have the unique advantage of having partners and presence in some of the most important regions when it comes to refugees: The Middle East, South East Asia, East Africa, and Europe, with several offices located in major countries of first asylum, such as Turkey, Jordan, Kenya and Indonesia. Several of these are also scenarios of wider migration flows.

The Situation

Forced displacement has grown markedly in recent years as a result of different human rights violations. Both migrants and refugees continue to face serious obstacles accessing safety and protection and respect for their inherent human rights.

Economic migrants still largely lack applicable protection standards, as do people forced to move for reasons of climate change and environmental destruction. Furthermore, national economic, political and security considerations have led several liberal states to blatantly violate international refugee law, under an increasingly accepted paradigm of deterrence.

Meanwhile, neighbouring countries in regions of origin are left to shoulder an inordinate responsibility for refugees with limited or no solidarity from other states, leading also several of these to increasingly consider more restrictive policies.

Expanded border controls also force many irregular moving migrants and refugees to risk their lives in order to reach safety. Last, but not least, many migrants and refugees experience increasing xenophobia and hate crimes in host states and communities.

The growing politicisation of asylum and immigration make our efforts in this area both more important and more difficult.

Human rights admonitions regarding migrants and refugees increasingly fall on deaf ears, and several countries openly admit to disrespecting core norms of international refugee and human rights law, or adopt policies designed to eclipse or shift relevant obligations.

Political attempts to reform both refugee and migration governance are ongoing at the UN level, yet the outcomes are uncertain and a further deterioration of protection standards for both migrants and refugees may be a likely scenario during the next five years.

Projects

 

Climate change, disasters and internal displacement in Asia and the Pacific

This research project examines the role of international and domestic law and policy in addressing displacement in the context of disasters and climate change in 10 countries across Asia and the Pacific.

ClimMobil: Judicial and policy responses to climate change-related mobility in the European Union with a focus on Austria and Sweden

RWI is collaborating with the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Human Rights on a two-year research initiative studying judicial and policy responses to climate change-related human mobility into the EU, with a focus on Austria and Sweden.

Reforming the Refugee Regime

This project analyses current efforts to reform the refugee regime, applying an inter-disciplinary perspective linking international law, political science and economics.

Exploring new avenues to ensure refugee integration

This project explores new thinking and methods to help refugee integration and access to labour markets, and how the private sector may help improve refugee integration.

Contributing to the Shaping of the Two UN Compacts on Refugees and Migration

The Raoul Wallenberg Institute is involved in shaping the outcome of two UN global compacts, one on migration and one on refugees,which are scheduled to be adopted by the General Assembly in the summer of 2018.

The People on the Move team

Helena Olsson

Helena Olsson

Senior Programme Officer

Phone: + 46 46 222 12 20
E-mail: helena.olsson@rwi.lu.se

Helena has a Master Degree in Political Science with focus on Human Rights, Peace and Democracy from Lund University. She has worked with development, human rights and in the humanitarian field since 2001, for Swedish Embassies/Sida and UNHCR in Central and South America; at Sida Headquarters Humanitarian Team in Stockholm; and subsequently with academic institutions and NHRIs in Sub-Saharan Africa; Middle East and North Africa; and South/Southeast Asia since she joined the Institute in 2010.

Sue Anne Teo

Sue Anne Teo

Senior Programme Officer

Phone: + 46 46 222 12 33
E-mail: sue_anne.teo@rwi.lu.se

Sue Anne Teo is a Senior Programme Officer at the Department of International Programmes at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute in Sweden. She is currently focused on research and direct engagement in the Myanmar and Regional Asia projects. Before this, Sue Anne had also worked on the Vietnam and China projects with RWI in a similar capacity.

Prior to joining RWI in 2011, Sue Anne worked in the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees office in Kuala Lumpur as a Senior Refugee Status Determination officer. She also formerly worked for the OHCHR in the UN peacekeeping mission in Timor Leste and SUHAKAM (the Malaysian National Human Rights Commission).

Sue Anne Teo holds a First Class Honours Bachelor of Law (LLB) degree from University of London, a Master of Laws (LLM) from University of Cambridge and a Masters in Human Rights (MSc) from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

Matthew Scott

Matthew Scott

Head of People on the Move Thematic Area

E-mail: matthew.scott@rwi.lu.se

Matthew Scott is head of the People on the Move thematic area at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Lund, Sweden. His area of expertise lies in legal and policy responses to internal and cross-border displacement in the context of disasters and climate change. In this space, he has published a monograph with Cambridge University Press entitled Climate Change, Disasters and the Refugee Convention, an edited volume with Routledge entitled Climate Change, Disasters and Internal Displacement in Asia and the Pacific: A Human Rights-Based Approach, along with a range of book chapters and academic articles on the subject. He is a member of the advisory committee of the Platform on Disaster Displacement, a member of the editorial board of the Yearbook of International Disaster Law, and a founding member of the Nordic Network on Climate Related Displacement and Mobility, and the Gothenburg, Lund, Uppsala Migration Law Network. He holds a PhD in Public International Law from Lund University, and a Masters degree in Social Anthropology of Development from the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London.

At Lund University, he convenes the Masters-level course on human rights law, the environment and climate change, and lectures on international refugee law and international human rights law at the law faculty. He also contributes to the MSc in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation at the Department of Risk Management and Societal Safety.

Matthew is also actively engaged in international collaboration initiatives at the intersection of disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and displacement. In this capacity he is currently contributing technical expertise on human rights-based approaches relating to land use planning and emergency preparedness for response.

Read more about Matthew’s work here.

Selected publications

A Human Rights-Based Approach to Internal Displacement in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change (Refugee Survey Quarterly 2020)

Internal Displacement in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change in Asia Pacific: A Human Rights-Based Approach (Routledge 2020, in press) (with Albert Salamanca)

Climate Change, Disasters and the Refugee Convention (Cambridge University Press 2020)

Accountability for State Failures to Prevent Sexual Assault in Evacuation Centres and Temporary Shelters: A Human Rights-Based Approach (Routledge 2019)

Climate Refugees and the 1951 Convention (Elgar 2019)

Background Brief: Key International Standards and Guidelines Relating to Displacement in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change (Raoul Wallenberg Institute 2019)

Finding Agency in Adversity: Applying the Refugee Convention in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change (Refugee Survey Quarterly 2016)

A Role for Strategic Litigation (Forced Migration Review 2015)

Refuge from Climate Change-Related Harm: Evaluating the Scope of International Protection within the Common European Asylum System (Brill/Martinus Nijhoff 2015)

Natural Disasters, Climate Change and Non-Refoulement: What Scope for Resisting Expulsion under Articles 3 and 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights? (International Journal of Refugee Law 2014)

Current Projects

ClimMobil: Judicial and policy responses to climate change-related mobility in the European Union with a focus on Austria and Sweden (2019-2022)

This project, supported by the Austrian Climate and Energy Fund, and in collaboration with the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Human Rights in Vienna, examines Swedish and Austrian judicial decisions in cases where disasters and other adverse impacts of climate change feature as part of the claim. The project sets out to improve understanding of judicial responses to claims for international protection in this context and to make recommendations that are relevant for domestic as well as wider European and international audiences, including policymakers.

Building Resilience to Disaster Risk (2018-2022)

This project, supported by the Swedish Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), is collaborative initiative between the Asia Disaster Preparedness Center, the Stockholm Environment Institute, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute, that promotes and supports the identification and development of rights-based and gender equal approaches to disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation across Asia and the Pacific.

The Future of Human Rights (2020-2021)

This project, supported by the Pufendorf Institute at Lund University, brings together academics from a range of disciplines including law, disaster risk management, philosophy, sociology, and human geography to explore the future of human rights by exchanging perspectives on the origins and purpose of the concept and sharing insights across intersecting themes including migration, authoritarianism, and economic globalisation. These themes are framed against a backdrop of global social and ecological processes under umbrella concepts of digitalization and the Anthropocene. The project is designed to generate ideas and identify interconnections through multi-disciplinary collaboration.

Completed projects

Climate Change, Disasters and Internal Displacement in Asia and the Pacific: A Human Rights-Based Approach (2017-2020)

This project, supported by the Swedish Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), brought together researchers from ten countries across Asia and the Pacific to examine the relationship between international and national-level law and policy relating to displacement in the context of disasters and climate change, and the protection of people from and during displacement and the facilitation of durable solutions. Adopting a human rights-based approach, the research consolidated key international standards and guidelines relating to displacement in the context of disasters and climate change and developed a tool for systematically analysing national legal and policy frameworks. This desk research was complemented by field research that examined one particular instance of disaster displacement, identifying promising practices as well as challenges to the implementation of national and international standards. Key findings are contained in a series of national law and policy reports, submissions to international initiatives including the UN High Level Panel on Internal Displacement and the 2020 UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally-displaced persons consultation on displacement in the context slower onset adverse impacts of climate change, and academic publications including and edited volume and a contribution to the special edition on internal displacement published in the journal Refugee Survey Quarterly. More information about the project is available at https://rwi.lu.se/disaster-displacement

Göran Melander

Göran Melander

Professor Emeritus

Phone: +46 46 222 12 38
E-mail: goran.melander@rwi.lu.se

Seda Alp

Seda Alp

Senior Programme Advisor

E-mail: seda.alp@rwi.lu.se

Seda has MA degree in Transnational Communication and Global Media from Goldsmiths College, University of London. She is doing her PhD in sociology, with research subject including nationalism, racism and citizenship.  Seda has worked at various organizations including UNHCR, National Democratic Institute in Turkey and Civil Society Development Centre as public relation and communication officers.